Steve Shih, Automotive Product Advertising and marketing Supervisor, Silicon Movement. 



//php echo do_shortcode(‘[responsivevoice_button voice=”US English Male” buttontext=”Listen to Post”]’) ?>

The migration to autonomous and electrically powered autos, together with the ensuing transition to a centralized automobile structure requires high-performance, high-bandwidth, steady, safe reminiscence as a way to achieve success.

In keeping with a present analysis, roughly 90 million automobiles can be gathering knowledge from sensors and making it accessible on-line by 2025. At present’s automobile brings many superior “infotainment” options collectively in a single cockpit dashboard — screens that entertain and supply essential data to the driving force to make sure security and even assist them drive. Screens are getting larger; some stream music, video and even gaming for passengers and the GPS is constructed proper into the automobile together with different Superior Driver Help Techniques (ADAS). Many ADAS options gather knowledge from sensors, cameras, radar and lidar. Though the quantity of knowledge for every function might be small, it provides up.

Autonomy, even when solely partial, provides an excessive amount of knowledge to the combo. ADAS options similar to lane protecting, automated breaking, and adaptive cruise management are data-dependent options, and absolutely autonomous driving that requires no human intervention in any respect would require knowledge for the automated choice making to occur.

Connectivity can be driving up knowledge storage necessities on autos. Whether or not it’s Wi-Fi or 5G, connectivity makes it simpler to improve onboard software program. When software program turns into simpler to improve, it’s extra more likely to be added to a automobile within the type of new options, bug fixes, and safety patches.

The trendy automobile can be geared up with an excessive amount of diagnostics capabilities which may change into distant accessible. Like a industrial plane, automobiles have their very own black bins to file what occurs throughout an accident and the moments main as much as it. Storage is required to seize knowledge similar to steering enter, G-forces on the automobile, velocity, telemetry, and even video and audio. Storage necessities change into extra particular as a result of a big, sudden burst of knowledge should be written to the gadget rapidly. That storage gadget should be sturdy sufficient to outlive a severe impression, and even hearth or water injury.

A key design development within the structure of clever autos is the consolidation of many computing capabilities in order that the storage can serve a wide range of purposes within the capabilities of autos, whereas being good sufficient to know what takes precedence. For instance, autonomous capabilities and leisure purposes would possibly share the identical storage pool.


The transfer in direction of electrified and autonomous autos has pressured producers to rethink the entire philosophy of how autos are designed. Up till now, nearly each operate within the automobile had its personal ECU to carry out measurements and take actions. Every of these ECUs additionally wants to speak freely with every other ECU. Nonetheless, the introduction of superior capabilities and options, similar to ADAS, has meant that the variety of ECUs required for a automobile to function has elevated dramatically, together with the bandwidth wanted for the information that’s generated.

That improve within the variety of ECUs naturally results in an increase within the variety of elements required to fabricate these ECUs, which, in flip, has led to a corresponding improve within the complexity of auto techniques, in addition to their price. Even worse for electrical autos, the extra weight of the ECUs and wiring wanted to implement {the electrical} system has an actual unfavourable impression on the vary of the automobile.

The entire new options in autos depend on producing, processing and storing huge quantities of knowledge. The producers of those autos see a centralized answer as one of the simplest ways to have the ability to deal with that knowledge. From having separate ECUs for every operate, designs are migrating to having a single ECU to care for a number of duties, for instance to be in control of all of the capabilities in a single bodily space of the automobile. These multi-function ECUs are then managed by a central gateway. In time, that central gateway will tackle extra duties, reducing out extra peripheral ECUs till there are just a few distant ECUs managed by a really highly effective central laptop. The success of that transition depends on reminiscence. As extra options are consolidated into fewer ECUs. These ECUs should be quicker and extra highly effective, and reminiscence is shared by a number of capabilities. The central gateway and every other ECUs should have the ability to entry the information they want from storage in a well timed method. Storage must be dependable, particularly within the case of mission essential purposes. It must be safe, and it must have the lifespan to match the automobile’s personal one.


The ever-growing portions of digital knowledge that should be processed and saved, imply automotive system designers now want NAND flash units over rotational media for mass storage due to their reliability and tolerance for vast temperature ranges in addition to massive capacities in small type components. Any NAND flash storage gadget should hold tempo with capability necessities, low latency, and efficiency by delivering quick learn and write speeds and excessive knowledge throughput. Regardless of this consolidation, there can be a wide range of totally different NAND storage sorts to help the required knowledge storage calls for in autonomous and electrical autos.

Along with assembly automotive grade {qualifications}, storage units are anticipated to final for so long as the automobile is on the highway. NAND flash storage options similar to embedded Multimedia Card (eMMC), Common Flash Storage (UFS) and Strong-State Drives (SSD) are readily being adopted by automakers, Tier 1 techniques designers, and different key stakeholders within the automotive provide chain for efficiency, reliability, longevity, and safety concerns.

Multimedia Card (eMMC), Common Flash Storage (UFS) and Strong-State Drives (SSD)

NAND Storage in Fashionable Automotive Designs

When NAND flash was nonetheless fairly costly and had not attained the densities and value buildings we see at the moment, laborious drives utilizing rotational media had been seen as the perfect answer to storing knowledge in automobiles. Automotive-grade laborious drives had been designed to deal with temperature extremes and vibration in addition to face up to shock masses as excessive as 200 occasions the power of gravity and extra. They had been additionally cheap given the quantity of knowledge they might retailer in a small house. Nonetheless, laborious drives have comparatively gradual entry occasions and are topic to shock and vibrational failures.

However as NAND flash price got here down and solid-state storage designs matured, they started to make extra sense and exchange rotational media. A transparent benefit for NAND storage over laborious drives is the shortage of shifting elements, which makes them much less more likely to fail as a consequence of shock and vibration. NAND storage can be a lot quicker than a tough drive and can even deal with the intense temperatures ranges of automotive purposes.

NAND flash finds its means into the trendy automobile in so some ways to help so many purposes; the kinds of NAND flash storage within the automobile relies on software efficiency and capability necessities. CompactFlash and Safe Digital playing cards stay versatile choices for automotive purposes similar to digital maps and sprint cameras. These detachable storage sorts allow the pliability of after-market content material improve and retrieval.

NAND storage within the type of eMMC was the primary sort of solid-state storage to be broadly adopted in automotive purposes. Extensively deployed in cellphones, this non-removable reminiscence card is soldered onto a circuit board, making it safe in opposition to fixed vibrations. eMMC continues to be a viable selection for storing knowledge associated to many navigation and infotainment purposes, together with satellite tv for pc radio, 3D maps, site visitors monitoring, and climate data.

The emergence of the usinterface has seen it usurp eMMC for newer automotive designs, because it was particularly developed to be a high-performance substitute to eMMC. It affords a quicker interface, larger density, higher energy effectivity, and better efficiency for reads and writes compared to eMMC. UFS additionally affords quick boot occasions, permitting for techniques to begin up as quick because it takes for the driving force to show the important thing within the ignition.

The extra computational wants of an automotive design have pushed knowledge storage necessities even additional when it comes to efficiency and storage capability. This has led to the adoption of upper capability NAND flash storage within the type of full-blown SSDs which might be automotive grade, which implies they’re designed to deal with enterprise equal efficiency and capabilities whereas supporting excessive temperature ranges. The bigger capacities additionally permit for the consolidation of storage throughout the automotive system to cut back the general variety of storage units required. Automotive-grade SSDs are shifting from SATA to the PCIe NVMe interface as extra autos with superior autonomous driving capabilities are bought. They require as a lot as 1TB of flash storage for 3D maps, 4K infotainment content material, sensor knowledge, and black field recording, all of which improve calls for for extra bandwidth, latency, and capability.


Sensible Reminiscence Options for Automotive Purposes

Silicon Movement supplies plenty of NAND reminiscence options which might be absolutely built-in and ideally suited to be used in automotive purposes. They’re designed to permit automobile producers to simply transition to next-generation architectures with superior performance, whereas complying with relevant requirements. The FerriSSD household supplies dependable PCIe NVMe/SATA/PATA storage with quick entry speeds. It integrates industry-proven controller know-how, NAND flash and passive elements to simplify automotive designs. The Ferri-UFS vary affords a feature-rich flash controller compliant with the most recent UFS2.1/3.1 customary and customary NAND flash reminiscence. Its high-performance storage accessing, higher energy effectivity, and ease of system design make it ideally suited for automotive purposes. Lastly, the corporate’s Ferri-eMMC vary is absolutely compliant to the JEDEC requirements for eMMC 4.5/5.0/5.1 protocols. The three households of NAND options additionally supply a variety of options to make sure that the general system design is so simple as doable, these embrace:

  • AES-256bit full disk encryption help with Secured Password Safety for safe storage
  • and over-the-air updates
  • Devoted {hardware} pin to set off knowledge flush to soundly retailer consumer knowledge throughout sudden energy
  • failure, for instance in a automobile collision
  • SLCMode for enhanced efficiency and sturdiness of the MLC and TLC NAND flash
  • SSDLifeGuard software program and instructions to observe SSD well being standing to make sure knowledge integrity

Controllers Are “The Brains” of NAND Flash

NAND flash storage units for automotive purposes ought to be tailor-made for the capabilities discovered within the trendy automobile, and that is primarily enabled by the NAND controller know-how designed with automotive purposes in thoughts. The NAND controller is actually the “brains” of a storage gadget, because it performs a key function in optimizing the varied NAND flash storage for automotive purposes by making certain the efficiency, reliability, safety in addition to supporting the varied 3D NAND flash applied sciences.

eMMC, UFS and SSD controllers share many identical capabilities as these controllers for different purposes. The controllers used for automotive, nevertheless, are normally manufactured on an automotive course of by the semiconductor foundries, helps prolonged temperature, reveals low Defected Components Per Million (DPPM), and designed with the ASPICE customary compliance in thoughts.

Whether or not it’s only a controller or full-blown storage gadget, any automotive-grade flash merchandise should exhibit they’ve undergone rigorous testing to fulfill the {qualifications} anticipated by automakers, together with AEC-Q100 compliance and ISO 9000/9001, and ISO26262 certification.

Automotive designs are evolving for contemporary autonomous and EV autos and so are the respective storage techniques. As a result of NAND flash finds its means into the trendy automobile in so some ways to help so many purposes, automotive producers anticipate their chosen NAND storage gadget to have the required efficiency and reliability with knowledge retention to match lifetime of the automobile. As a sensible instance, Silicon Movement automotive-grade PCIe NVMe SSD controllers have have all of the options talked about above and likewise supply built-in SR-IOV functionality to virtualize community sources and permit a single SSD to be shared throughout as much as eight totally different capabilities to cut back price, whereas growing the efficiency and throughput of the community.


With the transition to electrical energy and autonomous driving occurring at full velocity, NAND reminiscence affords the one storage answer that’s quick, rugged and safe sufficient for the brand new architectures being carried out to accommodate the options vital for tomorrow’s autos. The automotive {industry} is already within the means of migrating to NAND reminiscence as its worth has dropped and its capabilities elevated. This migration needn’t be tough as presently accessible options combine the various options required for a whole storage answer in a single bundle. Dependable distributors, similar to Silicon Movement, have a sturdy portfolio of tailor-made flash storage and controller options which might be optimized to help infotainment, navigation, ADAS, and self-driving purposes, in addition to being future-proofed to help the evolution of the information heart on wheels.

Obtain Product Temporary


Different Articles

Silicon Movement’s FerriSSD®: Enhancing the Security and Reliability of Pc On Module Designs

Silicon Movement’s Ferri Household: How Ferri merchandise supply safe and dependable knowledge storage for gaming tools

Silicon Movement’s FerriSSD®: How superior FerriSSDs® eradicate bit errors over an extended working lifetime

Silicon Movement’s Ferri Household: AEC-Q100 Certified Embedded Storage

Silicon Movement’s FerriSSD®: Presents the Stability and Knowledge Safety Required in Medical Gear

Silicon Movement’s PCIe NVMe FerriSSD®: Allows Excessive Pace and Excessive Reliability for Digital Signage

Learn Ferri Household

Watch Video

FerriSSD Household

About Silicon Movement

Firm Introduction

About Editor

Steve Shih

Product Supervisor

Steve Shih is the Automotive Product Advertising and marketing Supervisor at Silicon Movement. He holds a Grasp of Electrical Engineering from TamKang College in Taiwan. He has eight years of expertise in product planning and advertising and marketing. And has good data and expertise in a number of automotive actions similar to IATF16949, ISO26262, ASPICE, and so forth. Steve can be a provisional assessor for ASPICE and has maintain some initiatives to do the ASPICE evaluation.